|The queen of Sheba is said to have been born some time in the 10th century BC. Her lineage was part of the Ethiopian dynasty established in 1370 BC which lasted 350 years; her grandfather and father were the last two rulers of this dynasty. In 1005 BC, Makeda's father appointed her as his successor from his deathbed.|
To the early ancient Greeks, Ethiopia referred to an empire that encompassed a vast territory, extending to Arabia, Syria, Armenia and the territory between the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf. This is the empire that the Queen of Sheba was said to have reigned over.
|According to the Old Testament, the Queen of Sheba travelled from her kingdom to meet King Salomon in Jerusalem. The queen is immortalised in Qur'an and the Bible, which describes her visit to Solomon "with a very great retinue, with camels bearing spices, and very much gold and precious stones.||She gave the king 120 talents of gold (four-and-a-half tons) and a "very great quantity of spices."|
|A British excavation made a discovery in 2012 that may solve the mystery of where the Queen of Sheba of biblical legend derived her fabled treasures. An excavation on the high Gheralta plateau in northern Ethiopia found an enormous ancient goldmine, together with the ruins of a temple and the site of a battlefield.|
Although local people still pan for gold in the river, they were unaware of the ancient mine.
| Its shaft was fully buried. An ancient human skull is embedded in the entrance shaft, which bears Sabaean chiselling.|