|Opened in 1910, the museum on the National Mall was one of the first Smithsonian buildings constructed exclusively to hold the national collections and research facilities.|
The museum's collections total over 126 million specimens of plants, animals, fossils, minerals, rocks, meteorites, and human cultural artifacts.
11.24 carat demantoid garnet from Russia
16.79-carat orangey-pink spinel from Tajikistan
Intense yellow fluorite from Tanzania
17.08-carat Whitney Alexandrite